The process of uniform allocation of frequency bands across an entire region is called as Spectrum Harmonization. At the global level it is the ITU which facilitates the harmonization of frequency bands by the three regions that the world is divided in to. Allocations made by ITU are further coordinated by the regulators and at times the Governments of neighboring countries also facilitate the process. Spectrum Harmonization is a complex and vast field which requires deliberations and planning to fully reap the benefits offered by it. Countries with harmonized band plans benefit and those lacking it suffer adversely for years. This is because if band plans are auctioned without prior planning for harmonization and implemented then various issues arise, the most damaging of which is the cross border interference, which is harmful for the neighboring countries. A harmonized spectrum plan will benefit the region immensely specially for socio economic development and will offer more advantages to the whole region. This also ensures good services for the users and good growth chances for the operators.
While writing about the Spectrum Harmonization it is important to highlight that here we are talking about FDD frequency band plans, that is separate Uplink and Downlink frequency band plans. Because predominantly the world over FDD is being used and so here in the context of Pakistan and its neighbors we are also cite examples of issues arising out of these assignments.
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The Internet is a huge resource of unlimited knowledge and opportunities, available to anyone and everyone 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year. It’s always “there” for anyone for any purpose, which can range from seeking information, checking flight schedules, education, medical info, socializing or watching movies etc. The fact that it’s “there” and available makes it attractive for everyone, whether they have a legitimate purpose for its use or not. With newer technologies like 3G, LTE and 4G penetrating our lives and more so with the start of the smart-phone era accessing the Internet has become easy, convenient and to some extent affordable. While this brings a world of opportunities at our fingertips it also puts us and specially the children at risk to a myriad of risks lurking out there in the “dark Internet”. To put it in plain words, the Internet is not a safe place for children, there are hazards out there, some documented some still not documented. Leaving children unguided to use the mobile technology is like leaving kids out in a jungle with no cover and protection to explore and learn. So with opportunities come risks, which we have to guard and take measures against. The purpose of this post is to apprise the reader with issues related to use of Mobile Technology by children.